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OASIS Home Health Care: Teach Patients to Prevent Malnutrition

Posted by Melissa Cott on Oct 24, 2014

If the patient displays malnutrition and/or dehydration and its noted on tfeeding-eatinghe OASIS home health care assessment make sure you include teaching to prevent and manage these two chronic issues in your careplan.

Patient Teaching for Malnutrition and Dehydration

  • Eat/drink small meals every 3-4 hours. Avoid going long periods of time without eating. Your stomach will shrink.
  • Gradually eat more food each day...Your stomach will expand over time.
  • Keep a food and beverage diary. Learn when, what, and how much you eat and drink.
  • Snack! Snacks may help if you are having trouble eating enough at mealtimes.
  • Exercise! It will help you build muscle and increase your appetite. Your body may compensate or even overcompensate for the calories that you burn exercising.
  • Eat a variety of different foods – vegetables, dairy, protein, fruit, carbohydrates and/or fats at mealtime.
  • Keep your pantry, fridge, and freezer well stocked with foods you like to eat. It's tough to gain weight when there’s no food - you like - around.
  • Choose high-calorie, high-nutrient foods that are less filling: dried fruit, bananas, nuts and seeds, potatoes, peas, and corn.
  • Try to eat more quickly. It takes a few minutes for your stomach's signals of fullness to register. Try to put more food on your fork. Avoid putting your fork down in between bites.
  • Use larger cups, plates, bowls, et cetera. You will probably be able to eat more without really thinking about it. 

 

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