Home Health Blogger

Patient Teaching Guides for Foley Catheter Care

Posted by Melissa Cott on May 3, 2023

Client Teaching Guides for Home Health Care: Patient Teaching Guidelines for Foley Catheter Care. Sometimes injuries and illnesses make it hard, or impossible, for you to urinate on your own. For this reason, you need an indwelling catheter, also called an indwelling foley catheter. This urethral catheter stays in your bladder and drains your urine into a bag. It is important to know how to take care of your Foley Catheter. Good care may help prevent infection.

Basic Foley Catheter Care.download-foley-catheter-care

Here are some important tips:

1) Make sure you wash your hands before touching your catheter.
2) Always keep the drainage bag and tubing below the level of your bladder.
3) Do not let your tubing loop over bed rails, your legs or onto the floor. Make sure the catheter is not kinked under your legs.
4) Drink plenty of fluids every day--8-10 glasses of water or liquid. If Be sure to ask your doctor how much you should drink. Some people have a limit to how much they can drink. your catheter is clogged.


You will need to flush your catheter if it is clogged.

1) Prepare a syringe with 60 cc of sterile saline solution.
2) Connect the syringe to the port on the catheter tubing.
3) Push the fluid into the catheter.
4) If you cannot push the fluid in, adjust your catheter and try again.
5) If you still have trouble, call your nurse or doctor.

Changing your urinary catheter bag.

You may change your drainage bag once a week. You may reuse this bag if you clean it:

1) Use a solution of 1/2 vinegar and 1/2 water.
2) Rinse the bag out with the solution.
3) Let the bag air-dry.

Changing your catheter.

When you have a catheter, you are at risk for having a bladder infection. Bladder infections can be serious. For this reason, it is important to take great care of your catheter.

Always follow the instructions your doctor or home health nurse gave you.

If the tubing and catheter do come apart, you must clean both ends carefully. Use alcohol to clean the ends. Then, put them back together.

There may be times that you need to change your catheter or tubing. To check if your catheter needs to be changed:

1) Roll the catheter between your thumb and index finger.
2) If the catheter feels “gritty,” change your catheter.  Most patients may use an 18Fr, 5 ml catheter.

When you change your catheter, remember these things:

1) Use only distilled water to inflate the balloon.
2) Never use normal saline solution in the balloon.
3) A 5ml balloon can be over-inflated to 30ml.

Call your doctor if you notice any of the following:

• If you develop a fever greater than 100.8F.
• If you have pain in your lower back or abdomen.
• If your urine is cloudy.
• If your urine starts to smell bad.
• If there is blood in your urine.
• If you have any discharge, or unusual liquid, coming from your urinary opening (the urinary meatus).

Emptying Your Foley Catheter

Your doctor will tell you how often to empty your catheter. Be sure to measure how much urine you drain. Keep a record of these amounts in a notebook.

12 New Mental Status Questions on OASIS-E

Does Your Home Health Orientation Include These 11 Policies?

Pain Management: Think Outside the Box